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The Core Vocabulary Project (CVP) Word Maps

We’re proud to introduce our newest TextProject resource—the CVP Word Maps!  Freddy Hiebert (TextProject’s President & CEO) and colleagues (Hiebert, Goodwin, & Cervetti, 2017; Pugh & Hiebert, 2019) have used digital resources to establish that 2,500 families of words account for at least 90% of the total words in texts from Grades 1 through college.  Freddy has labeled this group of words as the “Core Vocabulary.”

A frequent response to this finding is:  “Please give me the list.” Lists of vocabulary have been many in the century since Thorndike (1917) published The Teachers’ Work Book. But no evidence has shown that moving students through a list results in a rich vocabulary. Only by connecting words semantically and morphologically do students expand their vocabularies. 

The Core Vocabulary Project (CVP) aims to support students’ vocabularies through word maps of three kinds:  semantic, word families, and multiple-meaning words. Each type of CVP Word maps represents a different form of the critical knowledge represented by the 2,500 word families.  

THE THREE KINDS OF CVP WORD MAPS

Semantic maps:  Semantic maps that connect central ideas are the foundation of the Core Vocabulary Project (CVP). Each key word that represents one of the 2,500 word families appears on a semantic map1.

Key words appear on semantic maps in the grade bands where they first appear. Many more key words appear early in written English, which means that there are more word maps for earlier grades (K-1, 2-3)  than for later grades (4-5, Middle+). The same concept often appears across several grade levels but with different key words. 

star-512.png Word-family maps. On each semantic map, several words are marked with a purple star. The purple star indicates the availability of a word-family map. In phase one of the CVP, word- family maps are provided for key words that have numerous family members and illustrate types of word families in English. 

Pink heart Multiple-meaning-word maps.  At least two words on each map are marked with a pink heart. The pink heart means that a multiple-meaning-word map is available for that word. Many words, especially common ones, have multiple meanings. In the phase one of the CVP, multiple-meaning-word maps are provided for words that have especially distinctive meanings.

1Words with multiple meanings may appear in more than one word set. Because the key words for a family represent the most frequent form of a word, tense and inflection of words may not be consistent. In some cases, words that are central to a semantic cluster but are not among the 2,500 word families have been included. 

Here are the semantic maps. Word-family and multiple-meaning-word maps are accessed through the semantic map.

Academic-words-CVP-GR6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Academic Words

Academic words (Gr6 and higher)

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Animals-CVP-K-1-Semantic-Map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Animals

Animals (K-1)

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Animals-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Animals

Animals (Gr2-3)

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Clothing-and-accessories-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Clothing & Accessories

Clothing & accessories (K-1)

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Clothing-and-accessories-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Clothing & Accessories

Clothing & accessories (Gr2-3)

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Communication-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Communication

Communication (K-1)

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Communication-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Communication

Communication (Gr2-3)

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Communication-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Communication

Communication (Gr4-5)

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Communication-CVP-GR6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Communication

Communication (Gr6-higher)

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Describing-words-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Describing Words

Describing words (K-1)

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Clothing-and-accessories-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Describing Words

Describing words (Gr2-3)

Download
Describing-words-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Describing Words

Describing words (Gr4-5)

Download
Describing-words-CVP-GR6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Describing Words

Describing words (Gr6-higher)

Download
Eating-and-food-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Eating & Food

Eating & food (K-1)

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Eating-and-food-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Eating & Food

Eating & food (Gr2-3)

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Games-and-fun-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Games & Fun

Games & fun (K-1)

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Glue-words-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Glue Words

Glue words (K-1)

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Glue-words-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Glue Words

Glue words (Gr2-3)

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Groups-and-events-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Groups & Events

Groups & events (Gr2-3)

Download
Groups-and-events-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Groups & Events

Groups & events (Gr4-5)

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Groups-and-events-CVP-GR6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Groups & Events

Groups & events (Gr6-higher)

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Homes-CVP-K-1-Semantic-Map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Homes

Homes (K-1)

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Homes-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Homes

Homes (Gr2-3)

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Human-body-senses-and-health-CVP-K-1-Semantic-Map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Human Body, Senses, & Health

Human body, senses, & health (K-1)

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Human-body-senses-and-health-CVP-Gr2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Human Body, Senses, & Health

Human body, senses, & health (Gr2-3)

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Human-body-senses-and-health-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Human Body, Senses, & Health

Human body, senses, & health (Gr4-5)

Download
Human-body-senses-and-health-CVP-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Human Body, Senses, & Health

Human body, senses, & health (Gr6-higher)

Download
Jobs-and-people-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Jobs & People

Jobs & people (K-1)

Download
Jobs-and-people-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Jobs & People

Jobs & people (Gr2-3)

Download
Jobs-and-people-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Jobs & People

Jobs & people (Gr4-5)

Download
Jobs-and-people-CVP-GR6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Jobs & People

Jobs & people (Gr6-higher)

Download
Making-and-building-CVC-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Making & Buying

Making & building (K-1)

Download
Making-and-building-CVC-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Making & Buying

Making & building (Gr2-3)

Download
Making-and-building-CVC-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Making & Buying

Making & building (Gr4-5)

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Movements-actions-CPV-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Movement & Actions

Movements & actions (K-1)

Download
Movements-actions-CPV-GR2-3-semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Movement & Actions

Movements & actions (Gr2-3)

Download
Movements-actions-CPV-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Movement & Actions

Movements & actions (Gr4-5)

Download
Movements-actions-CPV-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Movement & Actions

Movements & actions (Gr6-higher)

Download
Natural-world-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Natural World

Natural world (K-1)

Download
Natural-world-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Natural World

Natural world (Gr2-3)

Download
Natural-world-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Natural World

Natural world (Gr4-5)

Download
Natural-world-CVP-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Natural World

Natural world (Gr6-higher)

Download
Places-directions-and-buildings-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Places, Directions, & Buildings

Places, directions, & buildings (K-1)

Download
Places-directions-and-buildings-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Academic Words

Places, directions, & buildings (Gr2-3)

Download
Places-directions-and-buildings-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Academic Words

Places, directions, & buildings (Gr4-5)

Download
Places-directions-and-buildings-CVP-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Academic Words

Places, directions, & buildings (Gr6-higher)

Download
School-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
School

School (K-1)

Download
School-CVP-Gr4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
School

School (Gr4-5)

Download
Shapes-numbers-sizes-and-colors-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Shapes, Numbers, Sizes, & Colors

Shapes, numbers, sizes, and colors (K-1)

Download
Shapes-numbers-sizes-and-colors-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Shapes, Numbers, Sizes, & Colors

Shapes, numbers, sizes, & colors (Gr2-3)

Download
Time-measurement-and-money-CVP-K-1-Semantic-Map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Time, Measurement, & Money

Time, measurement, & money (K-1)

Download
Time-measurement-and-money-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Time, Measurement, & Money

Time, measurement, & money (Gr2-3)

Download
Time-measurement-and-money-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Time, Measurement, & Money

Time, measurement, & money (Gr4-5)

Download
Time-measurement-and-money-CVP-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Time, Measurement, & Money

Time, measurement, and money (Gr6-higher)

Download
Traits-and-feelings-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Traits & Feelings

Traits & feelings (Gr2-3)

Download
Traits-and-feelings-CVP-GR4-5-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
4-5
Topic
Traits & Feelings

Traits & feelings (Gr4-5)

Download
Traits-and-feelings-CVP-Gr6-higher-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
6 and above
Topic
Traits & Feelings

Traits & feelings (Gr6-higher)

Download
Traveling-CVP-K-1-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
K-1
Topic
Traveling

Traveling (K-1)

Download
Traveling-CVP-GR2-3-Semantic-map.png
Vocabulary Map Type
Semantic Map
Grade Level
2-3
Topic
Traveling

Traveling (Gr2-3)

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